Acidulants are food additives that give a sharp taste to foods. They assist in the setting of gels and to act as preservatives. Owing to the high growth of the processed food industry the demand for acidulants has grown substantially over the past few decades. These components serve vital functions in the food including flavour, pH control, buffering, preservation, and chelation. Selecting the best acidulant for an application involves understanding flavour profiles, ingredient interactions, solubility and cost. Acidulants are sold under the food additives categories and their use is subject to several laws and regulations. For instance, FDA clearance is mandatory for a food component to be sold in United States.
The demand for the feed and food acidulants is growing at substantial rate mainly due to changing food habits of the people, consumer preference and significant shift of the consumers toward packaged, convenience and frozen foods. Moreover, bolstering demand from the food & beverage and feed industry coupled with value added benefits associated with the use of food acidulants in the food product are also propelling the sales of food acidulants in the global market. Growing health concerns among the global population together with the increasing awareness about the benefits of consuming food preservatives are further anticipated to further boost the demand for feed and food acidulants over the projected period. However, stringent government regulations and restriction associated with the use of acidulants in some products such as baby food are the major factors hindering the growth of the market.
The report analyses the feed and food acidulants market on the basis of acidulant type, application, animal type and geography.
Acidulants are used in animal feed and processed food. The acidulants used in the food includes citric acid, acetic acid, fumaric acid, lactic acid, phosphoric acid, malic acid, tartaric acid, succinic acid and other acids such as ascorbic acid, erythorbic acid, Glucono Delta, Lactone (GDL), etc. Similarly, the feed acidulants comprises of citric acid, fumaric acid, malic acid, potassium citrate, sodium citrate, propionic acid and other acids which includes sorbic acid, acetic acid, etc. Currently, citric acid is mostly used in the food and feed industry on large scale. It is used in food products, drinks and the pharmaceutical industry. Each year about 320,000 tonnes of citric acid is used in the production of foods and beverages. Acidulants, or food acids, have very different taste profiles. The most common, citric acid has a lemony taste, while acetic acid has the familiar vinegar flavour. Citric acid is used in animal feeds to form soluble, easily digestible chelates of essential metal nutrients, enhance response to antibiotics, enhance flavour to increase food uptake, to control gastric pH and improve the efficiency of the feed.
Lactic acid is commonly available in liquid form (50-80% concentration), clear colourless to pale yellow solution. It has specific sour taste and no strong smell, giving well balanced, less sharp and nice acidity in the final product. Tartaric acid is a naturally occurring in many fruits’ organic acid, produced commercially as a natural grade during wine production.
Furthermore, the market finds application into beverages, convenience food, seasonings & sauces, bakery, confectionery and other applications such as dairy, snacks, etc. Many foods, like most fruits, contain natural acids such as citric acid, malic acid and tartaric acid and these are responsible for the authentic taste and flavour of the specific fruit. Acids are used by food producers in order to achieve the required pH, to buffer, to influence taste and flavour, to keep colour and texture of foods. Acidulants also play an important role in the natural preservation of foods. Acetic acid– the most commonly known organic acid, is naturally present in many fruits and fermented foods, found in vinegar.
The numerous feed and food acidulants include poultry, swine, ruminants, aquaculture and pets. Poultry meat is universally consumed and, unlike beef and pork, does not pose many religious concerns. The only part of the mineral requirement of poultry can be met by the natural feedstuffs in their diets resulting in the inclusion of feed supplements such as acidulants in feed formulations. Feed acidulants promote healthy growth in animals by controlling harmful bacteria and improving digestion, which can help guard against disease. Feed acidifiers are becoming increasingly prevalent in poultry production and pig farming. They are used to control acidity, provide flavour and colour stability and control moisture in beverages and foods like candies, dairy products, meats and seafood.
Geographically, the global feed and food acidulants market is studied for the major countries of North America, Europe, Asia Pacific and Rest of the World. Rest of the world comprises of Latin America and Middle East & Africa. The Asia Pacific region dominated and accounted for the largest shares in the global feed and food acidulants market in 2018. Growing food processing industry and rise in animal production in emerging economies such as India and China are the factors leading to high demand for feed and food acidulants in this region. Rest of the world is estimated to grow at a faster pace over the forecast period owing to development of animal production sector and rising focus on health of the animals and improving the quality of meat supplied.
Key players of the global feed and food acidulants market are Tate & Lyle, Cargill, Incorporated, Yara, Hawkins Watts Limited, Archer Daniels Midlland Company, Brenntag Pte Ltd, Univar Inc, Fuerst Day Lawson, Batory Foods, INDUSTRIAL TECNICA PECUARIA, S.A, Perstorp Holding AB, Peterlabs Holdings Berhad and NUTREX.BE among others. The market players are focusing on new product development through constant research & development to increase the customer base globally by offering advance and innovative products to the consumers.
Acidulants are acids used in processed foods for a variety of functions that enhance the food. Acids are used as flavouring agents, preservatives in microbial control, chelating agents, buffers, gelling and coagulating agents, and in many other ways. Acidulant selection depends upon the application or processed food. The properties to consider are flavour profile, pH, solubility rate, solubility, and hygroscopicity. It acts as a preservative as acid medium restricts the growth of spoilage organisms in mayonnaise and tomato sauce and retards the activity of enzymes involved in discoloration in fruits.
The report analyses the feed and food acidulants market on the basis of acidulant type, application, animal type and geography. The acidulants used in feed and food include citric acid, acetic acid, fumaric acid, lactic acid, phosphoric acid, malic acid, tartaric acid, succinic acid etc. Furthermore, the market finds application into beverages, convenience food, seasonings & sauces, bakery, confectionery and other applications such as dairy, snacks, etc. The numerous feed and food acidulants include poultry, swine, ruminants, aquaculture and pets. Geographically, the global feed and food acidulants market is studied for the major countries of North America, Europe, Asia Pacific and Rest of the World. The Asia Pacific region dominated and accounted for the largest shares in the global feed and food acidulants market in 2018.
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